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Isikunijimas

- Enter the World
Isikunijimas
Isikunijimas Rating: 72 out of 100 based on 11 reviews.

Avatar is a 2009 American epic science fiction film written and directed by James Cameron, and starring Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, Joel David Moore, Giovanni Ribisi and Sigourney Weaver. The film is set in the mid-22nd century, when humans are mining a precious mineral called unobtanium on Pandora, a lush habitable moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system. The expansion of the mining colony threatens the continued existence of a local tribe of Na'vi – a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora. The film's title refers to a genetically engineered Na'vi body with the mind of a remotely located human, and is used to interact with the natives of Pandora.

Development of Avatar began in 1994, when Cameron wrote an 80-page treatment for the film. Filming was supposed to take place after the completion of Cameron's 1997 film Titanic, for a planned release in 1999, but according to Cameron, the necessary technology was not yet available to achieve his vision of the film. Work on the language of the film's extraterrestrial beings began in summer 2005, and Cameron began developing the screenplay and fictional universe in early 2006. Avatar was officially budgeted at $237 million. Other estimates put the cost between $280 million and $310 million for production and at $150 million for promotion. The film made extensive use of cutting edge motion capture filming techniques, and was released for traditional viewing, 3D viewing (using the RealD 3D, Dolby 3D, XpanD 3D, and IMAX 3D formats), and for "4D" experiences in select South Korean theaters. The stereoscopic filmmaking was touted as a breakthrough in cinematic technology.

Avatar premiered in London on December 10, 2009, and was internationally released on December 16 and in the United States and Canada on December 18, to positive critical reviews, with critics highly praising its groundbreaking visual effects. During its theatrical run, the film broke several box office records and became the highest-grossing film of all time, as well as in the United States and Canada, surpassing Titanic, which had held those records for twelve years. It also became the first film to gross more than $2 billion. Avatar was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, and won three, for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects. The film's home media release went on to break opening sales records and became the top-selling Blu-ray of all time. Following the film's success, Cameron signed with 20th Century Fox to produce two sequels, making Avatar the first of a planned trilogy.

Plot

By 2154, humans have severely depleted Earth's natural resources. The Resources Development Administration (RDA) mines for a valuable mineral – unobtanium – on Pandora, a densely forested habitable moon orbiting the gas giant Polyphemus in the Alpha Centauri star system. Pandora, whose atmosphere is poisonous to humans, is inhabited by the Na'vi, 10-foot tall (3.0 m), blue-skinned, sapient humanoids who live in harmony with nature and worship a mother goddess called Eywa.

To explore Pandora's biosphere, scientists use Na'vi-human hybrids called "avatars", operated by genetically matched humans; Jake Sully (Sam Worthington), a paraplegic former marine, replaces his deceased twin brother as an operator of one. Dr. Grace Augustine (Sigourney Weaver), head of the Avatar Program, considers Sully an inadequate replacement but accepts his assignment as a bodyguard. While protecting the avatars of Grace and scientist Norm Spellman (Joel David Moore) as they collect biological data, Jake's avatar is attacked by a thanator and flees into the forest, where he is rescued by Neytiri (Zoe Saldana), a female Na'vi. Witnessing an auspicious sign, she takes him to her clan, whereupon Neytiri's mother Mo'at (C. C. H. Pounder), the clan's spiritual leader, orders her daughter to initiate Jake into their society.

Colonel Miles Quaritch (Stephen Lang), head of RDA's private security force, promises Jake that the company will restore his legs if he gathers intelligence about the Na'vi and the clan's gathering place, a giant arboreal called Hometree, on grounds that it stands above the richest deposit of unobtanium in the area. When Grace learns of this, she transfers herself, Jake, and Norm to an outpost. Over three months, Jake grows to sympathize with the natives. After Jake is initiated into the tribe, he and Neytiri choose each other as mates, and soon afterward, Jake reveals his change of allegiance when he attempts to disable a bulldozer that threatens to destroy a sacred Na'vi site. When Quaritch shows a video recording of Jake's attack on the bulldozer to Administrator Parker Selfridge (Giovanni Ribisi), and another in which Jake admits that the Na'vi will never abandon Hometree, Selfridge orders Hometree destroyed.

Despite Grace's argument that destroying Hometree could damage the biological neural network native to Pandora, Selfridge gives Jake and Grace one final chance to convince the Na'vi to evacuate before commencing the attack. While trying to warn the Na'vi, Jake confesses to being a spy and the Na'vi take him and Grace captive. Seeing this, Quaritch's men destroy Hometree, killing Neytiri's father (the clan chief) and many others. Mo'at frees Jake and Grace, but they are detached from their avatars and imprisoned by Quaritch's forces. Pilot Trudy Chacón (Michelle Rodriguez), disgusted by Quaritch's brutality, carries them to Grace's outpost, but during the escape, Quaritch fires at them, hitting Grace.

To regain the Na'vi's trust, Jake connects his mind to that of Toruk, a dragon-like predator feared and honoured by the Na'vi. Jake finds the refugees at the sacred Tree of Souls and pleads with Mo'at to heal Grace. The clan attempts to transfer Grace from her human body into her avatar with the aid of the Tree of Souls, but she dies before the process can complete.

Supported by the new chief Tsu'tey (Laz Alonso), who acts as Jake's translator, Jake speaks to unite the clan and tells them to gather all of the clans to battle against the RDA. Noticing the impending gathering, Quaritch organizes a pre-emptive strike against the Tree of Souls, believing that its destruction will demoralize the natives. On the eve of battle, Jake prays to Eywa, via a neural connection to the Tree of Souls, to intercede on behalf of the Na'vi.

During the subsequent battle, the Na'vi suffer heavy casualties, including Tsu'tey and Trudy; but are rescued when Pandoran wildlife unexpectedly join the attack and overwhelm the humans, which Neytiri interprets as Eywa's answer to Jake's prayer. After Jake destroys a makeshift bomber before it can reach the Tree of Souls; Quaritch escapes from his own damaged aircraft, wearing an AMP suit and breaks open the avatar link unit containing Jake's human body, exposing it to Pandora's poisonous atmosphere. Quaritch then prepares to slit the throat of Jake's avatar, but Neytiri kills Quaritch and saves Jake from suffocation. With the exceptions of Jake, Norm, Max and a few other scientists, all humans are expelled from Pandora and sent back to Earth, after which Jake is transferred permanently into his avatar with the aid of the Tree of Souls.

Cast
Sam Worthington

Jake Sully
Zoe Saldana

Neytiri (as Zoë Saldana)
Stephen Lang

Colonel Miles Quaritch
Michelle Rodriguez

Trudy Chacon
Giovanni Ribisi

Parker Selfridge
Joel David Moore

Norm Spellman
Wes Studi

Eytukan
Laz Alonso

Tsu'tey
Dileep Rao

Dr. Max Patel
Matt Gerald

Corporal Lyle Wainfleet
Sean Anthony Moran

Private Fike
Jason Whyte

Cryo Vault Med Tech
Scott Lawrence

Venture Star Crew Chief
Production
Director:James Cameron
Producer:Brooke Breton (co-producer)
James Cameron (producer)
Laeta Kalogridis (executive producer)
Jon Landau (producer)
Josh McLaglen (co-producer)
Janace Tashjian (associate producer)
Peter M. Tobyansen (line producer: virtual production)
Colin Wilson (executive producer)
Writer:James Cameron (written by)
Reviews for Isikunijimas
The Critical Critics
With Star Trek, Gene Rodenberry sought to “seek out new worlds and to boldly go where no man has gone before.” With the $300,000,000 bombshell that is Avatar, James Cameron can proudly stand with Peter Jackson (remember his little Lord of the Rings...
Read review21 Dec 2009
Three Movie Buffs
Everything you heard about Avatar is true. It is a fantastic journey to a realm of unforgettable images. This is not a movie to watch on a small screen. Get your but off the couch, and see this movie as it was meant to be seen, on the biggest screen...
Read review24 Dec 2009
CLIPS
"Avatar" is a 3-D technical wonder that is visually beyond imagination. But director James Cameron seems to have neglected the story and the acting.
Radio Times
Think Dances with Wolves in space (and in 3D) and you'll have the measure of this blockbuster from James Cameron, his first full feature since Titanic a dozen years earlier. Sam Worthington stars as a paraplegic US marine drafted to distant...
Birmingham Mail
I KNOW he loves his science, but even master filmmaker James Cameron couldn’t have fixed it for the weather in August 2010 to be so bad, could he?
Read review27 Aug 2010
Reviews for Isikunijimas
The Critical Critics
With Star Trek, Gene Rodenberry sought to “seek out new worlds and to boldly go where no man has gone before.” With the $300,000,000 bombshell that is Avatar, James Cameron can proudly stand with Peter Jackson (remember his little Lord of the Rings...
Read review21 Dec 2009
Three Movie Buffs
Everything you heard about Avatar is true. It is a fantastic journey to a realm of unforgettable images. This is not a movie to watch on a small screen. Get your but off the couch, and see this movie as it was meant to be seen, on the biggest screen...
Read review24 Dec 2009
CLIPS
"Avatar" is a 3-D technical wonder that is visually beyond imagination. But director James Cameron seems to have neglected the story and the acting.
Radio Times
Think Dances with Wolves in space (and in 3D) and you'll have the measure of this blockbuster from James Cameron, his first full feature since Titanic a dozen years earlier. Sam Worthington stars as a paraplegic US marine drafted to distant...
Birmingham Mail
I KNOW he loves his science, but even master filmmaker James Cameron couldn’t have fixed it for the weather in August 2010 to be so bad, could he?
Read review27 Aug 2010
View London
Avatar is an extraordinary experience that more than lives up to the hype. Highly recommended.
Read review16 Dec 2009
Cinema Autopsy
There is not a single frame in Avatar that doesn’t look stunning and authentic: from the heavily militarised human mining colony to the beautiful forest planet Pandora that contains a rare mineral that the humans want...
Read review14 Dec 2009
Eye for Film
In one scene, protagonist Jake Sully (Sam Worthington) leaps from the top of a waterfall to evade being devoured by a ferocious leopard-like beast known as a Thanator, thus separating himself from his human companions and stumbling, for the first time...
Science Fiction Flim
Like The Abyss, Avatar is also a one of a kind experience. However, like Phantom Menace and Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull it cannot realistically live up to fan expectations as well as its own hype.
QNetwork Entertainment
After a Kubrickian 12-year absence from feature filmmaking following Titanic’s 11 Oscars and billion-dollar haul at box office, James Cameron re-emerged with Avatar, his long-awaited return to science fiction, and it is as grand in scope, ambitious in...
Kc
ไม่อยากจะเชื่อเลยว่ามันผ่านไปแล้ว การรอคอยภาพยนตร์เรื่องหนึ่งที่ยาวนานมากที่สุดตั้งความหวังไว้สูงกับหนังเรื่องนี้ ที่เป็นผลงานผู้กำกับในตำนานอย่าง James Cameron หลังจากห่างหายไปจากวงการนานถึง 12 ปีตั้งแต่ Titanic จากที่เคยได้อ่านบทวิจารณ์ทั้งดังๆ และไ
Read review17 Dec 2009
Cast
Sam Worthington...Jake Sully
Zoe Saldana...Neytiri (as Zoë Saldana)
Sigourney Weaver...Grace
Stephen Lang...Colonel Miles Quaritch
Michelle Rodriguez...Trudy Chacon
Giovanni Ribisi...Parker Selfridge
Joel David Moore...Norm Spellman
CCH Pounder...Moat
Wes Studi...Eytukan
Laz Alonso...Tsu'tey
Dileep Rao...Dr. Max Patel
Matt Gerald...Corporal Lyle Wainfleet
Sean Anthony Moran...Private Fike
Jason Whyte...Cryo Vault Med Tech
Scott Lawrence...Venture Star Crew Chief
Kelly Kilgour...Lock Up Trooper
James Patrick Pitt...Shuttle Pilot
Sean Patrick Murphy...Shuttle Co-Pilot
Peter Dillon...Shuttle Crew Chief
Kevin Dorman...Tractor Operator / Troupe
Kelson Henderson...Dragon Gunship Pilot
David Van Horn...Dragon Gunship Gunner
Jacob Tomuri...Dragon Gunship Navigator
Michael Blain-Rozgay...Suit #1
Jon Curry...Suit #2
Luke Hawker...Ambient Room Tech
Woody Schultz...Ambient Room Tech / Troupe
Peter Mensah...Horse Clan Leader
Sonia Yee...Link Room Tech
Jahnel Curfman...Basketball Avatar / Troupe
Ilram Choi...Basketball Avatar
Kyla Warren...Na'vi Child
Lisa Roumain...Troupe
Debra Wilson...Troupe
Taylor Kibby...Troupe
Jodie Landau...Troupe
Chris Mala...Troupe
Julie Lamm...Troupe
Cullen B. Madden...Troupe
Joseph Brady Madden...Troupe
Frankie Torres...Troupe
Austin Wilson...Troupe
Sara Wilson...Troupe
Tamica Washington-Miller...Troupe
Lucy Briant...Op Center Staff
Nathan Meister...Op Center Staff
Gerry Blair...Op Center Staff
Matthew Chamberlain...Op Center Staff
Paul Yates...Op Center Staff
Wray Wilson...Op Center Duty Officer
James Gaylyn...Op Center Staff
Melvin Leno Clark III...Dancer
Carvon Futrell...Dancer
Brandon Jelkes...Dancer
Micah Moch...Dancer
Hanniyah Muhammad...Dancer
Christa Oliver...Dancer
Bravita A. Threatt...Dancer
Julene Renee...Ambient Room Tech / Troupe
April Marie Thomas...Dancer
Christopher Nolen...Dancer
Raja...Hero (uncredited)
Mike Bodnar...Veteran Miner (uncredited)
Nicole Dionne...Nav'i (uncredited)
Jamie Harrison...Trooper (uncredited)
Ashley Jeffery...Flight Crew Mechanic (uncredited)
Dean Knowsley...Samson Pilot (uncredited)
Joseph Mika-Hunt...Trooper (uncredited)
Terry Notary...Banshee (uncredited)
Kai Pantano...Soldier (uncredited)
Logan Pithyou...Blast Technician (uncredited)
Alicia Vela-Bailey...Ikran Clan Leader (uncredited)
Richard Whiteside...Geologist (uncredited)
Nikie Zambo...Na'vi (uncredited)
Matt Clayton...Richard (uncredited)
Allan Henry...Trooper (uncredited)
Anthony Ingruber...Ground Technician (uncredited)
Stuart Pollock...Vindum Raah (uncredited)
Gareth Ruck...Ops Centreworker (uncredited)
Jodie Taylor...Female Marine (uncredited)
Colin Bleasdale...Mining Chief (uncredited)
Rhian Sheehan...Engineer (uncredited)
T.J. Storm...Col. Quaritch's Mech Suit (uncredited)
Production
Director:James Cameron
Producer:Brooke Breton (co-producer)
James Cameron (producer)
Laeta Kalogridis (executive producer)
Jon Landau (producer)
Josh McLaglen (co-producer)
Janace Tashjian (associate producer)
Peter M. Tobyansen (line producer: virtual production)
Colin Wilson (executive producer)
Writer:James Cameron (written by)
Composer:James Horner
Cinematographer:Mauro Fiore (director of photography)
Editing:James Cameron
John Refoua
Stephen E. Rivkin
Casting:Margery Simkin
Production Design:Rick Carter
Robert Stromberg
Art Director:Nick Bassett
Robert Bavin
Simon Bright
Todd Cherniawsky (supervising art director)
Jill Cormack
Stefan Dechant (supervising art director)
Sean Haworth
Kevin Ishioka (supervising art director)
Andy McLaren
Andrew Menzies
Kim Sinclair (supervising art director: lead)
Set Decorator:Kim Sinclair
Costume Design:Mayes C. Rubeo
Deborah Lynn Scott
Makeup:Michele Barber (makeup artist)
Rick Findlater (makeup supervisor)
Roxane Griffin (hair department head: Los Angeles live action)
Lisa Hefford (additional makeup artist (uncredited)
Davina Lamont (assistant makeup artist (uncredited)
Corinna Liebel (makeup artist (uncredited)
Georgia Lockhart-Adams (makeup artist)
Samantha Lyttle (additional special makeup effects artist (uncredited)
Catherine Maguire (additional makeup artist (uncredited)
Jaime Leigh McIntosh (additional makeup artist (uncredited)
Antony McMullen (special makeup effects artist (uncredited)
Angela Mooar (makeup artist)
Ken Niederbaumer (special makeup effects artist (uncredited)
Jess Reedy (motion capture marker (uncredited)
Sarah Rubano (makeup artist (uncredited)
Mike Smithson (makeup department head: Los Angeles live action)
Tegan Taylor (makeup: performance capture unit)
Dara Wakely (additional makeup artist (uncredited)
Nacoma Whobrey (assistant makeup artist (uncredited)
Victoria Wood (wig maker: Sigourney Weaver (uncredited)
Richie Alonso (makeup artist: Los Angeles live action)
Michal Bigger (makeup artist)
Linda DeVetta (makeup: Sigourney Weaver)
Frankie Karena (makeup artist)
Nadege Schoenfeld (additional makeup artist: performance capture unit)
Production Management:Mika Saito (production supervisor: Los Angeles live action)
Jennifer Teves (production supervisor)
Brigitte Yorke (production manager: New Zealand)
Geoff Burdick (executive in charge of production: Lightstorm)
Boris Kunac (unit manager: New Zealand live action unit)
Janace Tashjian (post-production supervisor)
Colin Wilson (unit production manager)
Chris Walker (unit manager: New Zealand live action unit)
United States16 Dec 2009
Belgium8 Sep 2010
Egypt16 Dec 2009
France1 Sep 2010
Korea, Republic of26 Aug 2010
Australia16 Dec 2009
Austria17 Dec 2009
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina17 Dec 2009
Bulgaria17 Dec 2009
Colombia17 Dec 2009
Croatia17 Dec 2009
Czech Republic17 Dec 2009
Germany2 Sep 2010
Greece17 Dec 2009
Hong Kong26 Aug 2010
Hungary17 Dec 2009
Indonesia1 Sep 2010
IsraelIsrael17 Dec 2009
KuwaitKuwait17 Dec 2009
LebanonLebanon17 Dec 2009
Malaysia26 Aug 2010
Mexico15 Oct 2010
Netherlands17 Dec 2009
New Zealand26 Aug 2010
Peru17 Dec 2009
Philippines17 Dec 2009
Portugal2 Jan 2014
Russian Federation26 Aug 2010
Singapore26 Aug 2010
Slovakia17 Dec 2009
Slovenia17 Dec 2009
Syrian Arab RepublicSyrian Arab Republic17 Dec 2009
Thailand17 Dec 2009
United Kingdom10 Dec 2009
Ukraine17 Dec 2009
Brazil15 Oct 2010
Canada27 Aug 2010
Denmark18 Dec 2009
Estonia18 Dec 2009
Finland18 Dec 2009
IcelandIceland18 Dec 2009
India27 Aug 2010
Ireland27 Aug 2010
Kazakhstan26 Aug 2010
LatviaLatvia18 Dec 2009
Lithuania18 Dec 2009
Norway18 Dec 2009
Panama18 Dec 2009
Romania18 Dec 2009
Spain24 Sep 2010
Sweden18 Dec 2009
Taiwan18 Dec 2009
Turkey18 Dec 2009
Uruguay18 Dec 2009
Venezuela18 Dec 2009
Japan16 Oct 2010
Poland27 Aug 2010
Argentina23 Dec 2009
Pakistan31 Dec 2009
ArmeniaArmenia3 Jan 2010
Italy15 Jan 2010
GeorgiaGeorgia23 Sep 2010
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates15 Dec 2009
Switzerland17 Dec 2009
Serbia16 Dec 2009
China4 Jan 2010